Written by guest blogger, Raymond Blake

11-193-02 New WebGoverning is a messy business in any state and none more so than in federal ones like Canada where authority is shared between two orders of government. Yet, federalism is not an end in itself but simply a means of dividing jurisdiction in the hopes of capturing the loyalty of various political communities to maintain stability within the nation while allowing all citizens and subnational units to flourish and prosper. Federal systems thrive and enjoy stability when they deliver on their promise of fairness and equity for all its members. Today, intergovernmental relations between the national and provincial states are reasonably harmonious but it was not always thus.

My Canadian Historical Review article explores a recent period when federal-provincial relations were so rancorous that it imperilled the unity and stability of Canada. In this particular instance the issue was control of the rich oil fields in the North Atlantic nearly 300 kilometres off the coast of Newfoundland and Labrador. From the moment that exploration began there in the late 1950s and seismic testing revealed huge possibilities, Newfoundland claimed that it owned the resource. If it had not joined Confederation in 1949, Canada would not have had any claim to the offshore.

Such claims mattered little two decades later when energy security became a national obsession, at the same time that Quebec flirted with separation and Albertans proudly pasted “Let the Eastern Bastards Freeze in the Dark” bumper stickers on their vehicles. Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau – and Canadians, too, especially those in Ontario — feared the accelerating descent of the country towards a rapidly decentralized federation. If the trend continued, many feared, Canada would disappear. Trudeau believed that those decentralist forces had to be reversed and the economic powers of the federal state strengthened. Only a strong central government could create the conditions that allowed all citizens throughout the nation to prosper.

Few of the premiers agreed with such logic, and this article focuses on Brian Peckford, the premier of Newfoundland and Labrador who maintained that the Canada’s federal system with a succession of strong governments in Ottawa had failed to improve his province’s social and economic well-being after it joined Canada. Nor had centralized power in Ottawa fostered the economic growth and prosperity of any of the four Atlantic provinces. Peckford argued that a strong national community and national stability were only possible if Canadian federalism provided a fair measure of equality for all provinces. To him, decentralization was the solution, not the problem: only a provincial government with control over its own resources could foster a sustainable economic and vibrant social community in Newfoundland and Labrador and bridge the fiscal and financial gap that existed between his province and the rest of Canada.

The two politicians did not particularly like each other but their quarrel was not personal: it was a battle of ideas. Was Canada to be a decentralized or a centralized federal state and which form would best create fairness, equality and social justice for all citizens. From the late 1970s to the early 1980s, Peckford and Trudeau fought like scorpions trapped in a bottle. Not surprisingly, their quarrel imperilled the working of intergovernmental relations between Newfoundland and Ottawa; it was a low, dishonest period in the annals of Canadian federalism.

The internecine strife introduced in the CHR article is merely one in a long series of intergovernmental controversies that are explored in their fullness in Lions and Jellyfish. Newfoundland-Ottawa Relations since 1957 which will be published this summer by the University of Toronto Press.


Raymond Blake’s “Politics and the Federal Principle in Canada: Newfoundland Offshore Oil Development and the Quest for Political Stability and Economic Justice” can be found in the latest issue of the Canadian Historical Review. Click Here to Read.

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Written by guest blogger, Lisa Pasolli

JDuring the Second World War, thirty-four day care centres in Ontario and Quebec were established under the Dominion-Provincial Wartime Day Nurseries Agreement (WDNA). This shared federal-provincial funding of child care services was unprecedented in Canada, and federal officials insisted throughout the war that the agreement was no more than a temporary measure to mobilize a much-needed labour force. Accordingly, the agreement was cancelled at the end of the war and federal funding was withdrawn. In a stable postwar society, the thinking went, mothers should stay home to look after their young children.

The reality for many mothers, however, was that their wartime work was not simply a patriotic service, but an economic necessity. One 1945 survey revealed that almost ninety percent of mothers who used Toronto’s wartime day nurseries intended to continue working “indefinitely” after the war for financial reasons. The closure of the nurseries meant that many of them would be left without safe and accessible child care options. One mother, in a letter to minister of labour Humphrey Mitchell urging him to keep the nurseries open, underlined the continued importance of public child care to working-class families like hers. “I ask you, Mr. Mitchell,” she implored, “is the emergency over?”

As this mother’s plea reminds us, the story of wartime child care goes beyond the mobilization/demobilization narrative of the WDNA. The wartime child care dilemmas of many Canadian mothers were not simply a consequence of patriotic war service, but of their ongoing struggles to work for their families’ survival. Though these mothers may not have been the targets of the government day nurseries, the introduction of the WDNA and the debates about its potential implementation had ramifications for the ways in which the child care needs of all mothers were understood. Throughout the war, social workers, women’s groups, and many others put forward alternatives to the federal government’s limited vision of publicly-funded child care, and advocated for a comprehensive system of public day nurseries as a fixer of social ills, as an anti-poverty strategy, as an educational innovation, and even as the right of all working women.

There has been lots of scholarly attention paid to the administrative details of the Wartime Day Nurseries Agreement – and rightfully so, since it still represents the only instance of direct federal support for child care in Canada. However, it is also important to consider this wider context of wartime child care, and all the historical actors that were engaged in debates about the meanings and purposes of publicly-funded child care. A closer examination of those debates shows that federal, provincial, and local officials were enmeshed in a complex web of child care politics that had long been playing out in communities around the country, and that would continue to play out long after the war ended. In other words, the WDNA was a catalyst that brought to light intersecting and often-competing objectives around welfare, education, labour force, and gender policy. Echoes of those competing visions continue to resonate in contemporary debates about a publicly-funded child care strategy in Canada.


Lisa Pasolli’s  “I ask you, Mr. Mitchell, is the emergency over?”: Debating Day Nurseries in the Second World War can be found in the latest issue of the Canadian Historical Review. Click Here to Read.

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leme logoLexicons of Early Modern English now includes over 713,000 word-entries!

Lexicons of Early Modern English is a growing historical database offering scholars unprecedented access to early books and manuscripts documenting the growth and development of the English language.

With the recent additions of the immense Latin-English text, Ortus Vocabulorum, White Kennett’s very detailed etymological work, Parochial Antiquities (1695), and Nathan Bailey’s 900-page Universal Etymological English Dictionary (1737), this incredible resource now boasts more than 713,000 word entries! The addition of Ortus Vocabulorum completes LEME’s series of the four large Latin and English dictionaries in manuscript and print at the end of the fifteenth century (Promptorium Parvulorum, Catholicon Anglicum, Medulla Grammatice in Pepys MS 2002, and Ortus).

Recently added to Lexicons of Early Modern English

Coming soon to LEME

  • Henry Hexham, A Copious English and Netherdutch Dictionary (1641-42)
  • Richard Hogarth, Gazophylacium Anglicanum (1689)

Use Modern Techniques to Research Early Modern English!

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LEME sets the standard for modern linguistic research on the English language. LEME provides researchers with more than 710,000 word-entries from 203 monolingual, bilingual, and polyglot dictionaries, lexical encyclopedias, hard-word glossaries, spelling lists, and lexically-valuable treatises surviving in print or manuscript from the Tudor, Stuart, Caroline, Commonwealth, and Restoration periods.

LEME provides exciting opportunities for research for historians of the English language. More than a half-million word-entries devised by contemporary speakers of early modern English describe the meaning of words, and their equivalents in languages such as French, Italian, Spanish, Latin, Greek, Hebrew, and other tongues encountered then in Europe, America, and Asia.

For a partial bibliography of publications that employ LEME, see here

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screen11The Canadian Institute for Military & Veteran Health Research and the University of Toronto Press are pleased to announce the first issue of the Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health (JMVFH) is now online.

The Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health (JMVFH), edited by Alice Aiken and Stéphanie Bélanger, and managed by Mike Schaub, is the official, scholarly journal of the Canadian Institute for Military and Veteran Health Research (CIMVHR). The aim of this new open-access journal is to maximize the health and social wellbeing of military personnel, Veterans, and their families by disseminating world-class research to a broad international and multidisciplinary readership of researchers, practitioners, administrators, and policy makers. The cutting edge nature of research published in JMVFH enables clinicians working to address particular challenges to establish best practices and share preliminary results from new therapies that will lead to the next great breakthroughs.

Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health is open access and available in two editions JMVFH Online and JMVFH Flipbook.

JMVFH Online provides readers the option to read each issue of JMVFH as individual articles and puts all the tools and features most wanted by readers and researchers right at their fingertips. From advanced searching, annotations and bookmarks, live links and citation exporting, to colour photos and video, JMVFH Online is a pleasure to browse, read and/or research through.

JMVFH Flipbook presents readers with a virtual magazine experience and allows them to read or download JMVFH from cover to cover or as individual articles on their desktop and/or mobile device. This enhanced edition offers easy access and navigation, bookmarking and annotations options, embedded links and video/audio and social sharing. Readers can also clip, save and print the entire issue or individual pages from within the highly interactive mobile environment.

Journal of Military, Veteran & Family Health
Volume 1, Issue 1, 2015
JMVFH Onlinehttp://bit.ly/jmvfhonline
JMVFH Flipbookhttp://bit.ly/jmvfhfeb2015

The first issue of JMVFH features some of the best research being done in the field of military and Veteran health including research on the effects of combat on personnel with past mental health problems, generalized anxiety disorder, use of Computer Assisted Rehabilitation Environments, as well as explorations into the experience of war and psychological effects of combat. A unique feature of JMVFH is the Talking Points section which outlines cutting-edge research in easily digested, user-friendly brief pieces. This first issue includes several info graphics and perspectives on Veteran transition experiences, comparison between Canadian and American rates of PTSD and the care that Veteran’s receive in each country as well as the medical needs and associated treatment costs of Veterans.

EDITORIAL
Leading the way for military, Veteran, and family health and well-being
Alice B. Aiken and Stéphanie A.H. Bélanger
Read full article here and on page 10 at JMVFH Flipbook here 

TALKING POINTS
A new resource to study the health of Veterans in Ontario
Alyson L. Mahar, Alice Aiken, Patti Groome, and Paul Kurdyak
Read full article here  and on page 12 at JMVFH Flipbook here

Fast facts on Veterans’ transition experiences
Linda VanTil, Stewart Macintosh, James Thompson, Mary Beth MacLean, Louise Campbell, Kerry Sudom, Sanela Dursun, Michael Herron, and David Pedlar
Read full article here and on page 16 at JMVFH Flipbook here

What is Canada doing that produces better outcomes for Veterans?
Michael A. Verlezza
Read full article here and on page 18 at JMVFH Flipbook here

PERSPECTIVES
The imperative of military medical research and the duty to protect, preserve, and provide advanced evidence-informed care
Robert Poisson
Read full article here and on page 20 at JMVFH Flipbook here

RESEARCH
Are military personnel with a past history of mental health care more vulnerable to the negative psychological effects of combat?
Mark A. Zamorski, Kimberley Watkins, and Corneliu Rusu
Read full article here and on page 23 at JMVFH Flipbook here

Epidemiology of generalized anxiety disorder in Canadian military personnel
Julie Erickson, D. Jolene Kinley, Tracie O. Afifi, Mark A. Zamorski, Robert H. Pietrzak, Murray B. Stein, and Jitender Sareen
Read full article here and on page 35 at JMVFH Flipbook here

Comorbidity and functional correlates of anxiety and physical conditions in Canadian Veterans
Renée El-Gabalawy, James M. Thompson, Jill Sweet, Julie Erickson, Corey S. Mackenzie, Robert H. Pi­etrzak, Linda VanTil, and Jitender Sareen
Read full article here and on page 46 at JMVFH Flipbook here

Use of the CAREN system as a treatment adjunct for Canadian Armed Forces members with chronic non-specific low back pain: a pilot study
Jacqueline S. Hebert, Eric Parent, Mayank Rehani, Luc J. Hébert, Robert Stiegelmar, and Markus Bese­mann
Read full article here and on page 56 at JMVFH Flipbook here

Cognitive performance improvement in Canadian Armed Forces personnel during deployment
Asad Makhani, Farzad Akbaryan, and Ibolja Cernak
Read full article here and on page 68 at JMVFH Flipbook here

Acute effects of normal saline and lactated Ringer’s with erythropoietin on microcirculatory perfusion, tissue bioenergetics, and gut permeability of the small intestine in a hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation rat model
Raymond L.C. Kao, Weixiong Huang, Anargyros Xenocostas, David Driman, Claudio M. Martin, Tina Mele, Neil Parry, and Tao Rui
Read full article here and on page 77 at JMVFH Flipbook here

ARTS AND HUMANITIES
Military ethics and well-being: a soldier’s journey
Stéphanie A.H. Bélanger
Read full article here and on page 90 at JMVFH Flipbook here

The psychotherapeutic mapping of a soldier’s suffering: a narrative analysis of the Grimms’ “Bearskin”
Craig Stephenson
Read full article here and on page 94 at JMVFH Flipbook here

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Follow JMVFH on Facebook @https://www.facebook.com/jmvfh
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Call for Editor – JSP

by cmacmillan on February 23, 2015

Journal of Scholarly Publishing

www.utpjournals.com/jsp

The Journal of Scholarly Publishing (JSP) is currently seeking to fill the position of Editor.

The Journal of Scholarly Publishing (JSP) was launched in October 1969 by staff at University of Toronto Press to explore scholarly publishing in the world of the university press. In the inaugural editorial, Marsh Jeanneret, then Director of the Press, outlined the purpose of the journal, discussing the university press’s relationship to its parent institution, the business structure of academic publishing, the nature of copyright, and the rapidly evolving technology of communication – concerns still paramount for university presses today.

Forty-five years later, JSP continues to confront and document the challenges and achievements of academic publishers and serve the wide-ranging interests of the international academic publishing community. Articles examine the age-old problems in publishing as well as contemporary challenges resulting from changes in technology and funding through the exploration of topics such as editorial and publishing policy, computer applications, electronic publishing, effective marketing, and business management. Through balanced analysis of industry issues and concerns, JSP offers a unique blend of philosophical analysis and practical advice that has attracted readers around the world.

The Editor is responsible for determining editorial direction, developing an editorial board and editorial team, searching for authors, obtaining new submissions, and working directly with authors until pieces are ready for production. He or she must also edit the manuscripts, send the materials to the publisher for copyediting, and proofread each issue prior to publication.

The successful candidate must have a deep knowledge of the scholarly publishing field, a good eye for excellence in content and style, and communication and leadership skills, and must be able to manage time and scheduling effectively.

The new editor will be responsible for the publication of the first issue in 2016.

Interested applicants, please contact:

Anne Marie Corrigan
Vice President, Journals Division
University of Toronto Press
5201 Dufferin Street
North York, ON M3H 5T8
Canada
416.667.7838
acorrigan@utpress.utoronto.ca

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What is Metadata?

January 27, 2015

Welcome to the first of a series of blog posts on metadata and why it is important. The information in these posts is great for authors and editors alike, so please read, share, and send us your thoughts. These posts are derived from a presentation done by UTP’s Production Manager, Antonia Pop. Antonia spoke on […]

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Launch of a new journal —Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health

January 21, 2015

The Canadian Institute for Military & Veteran Health Research and the University of Toronto Press is pleased to announce the launch of the Journal of Military, Veteran and Family Health (JMVFH). The aim of this new open-access journal is to maximize the health and social well being of military personnel, Veterans, and their families by […]

Read the full article →

Canadian Journal of Women and the Law Author Denise Brunsdon Explains Choice of Gun Control for Book Review

January 19, 2015

Written by guest blogger, Denise Brunsdon I have been a spokesperson for the Canadian Coalition for Gun Control for many years now. Though working with the organization is immensely satisfying, there are days when it seems like the Harper Government is dismantling every aspect of gun control progress ever made. But historians have a way […]

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Taking Nonviolence Seriously By guest contributor Roger Ivar Lohmann

January 5, 2015

By guest contributor Roger Ivar Lohmann, Associate Professor of Anthropology, Trent University Roger Lohmann in 2007 discussing Asabano arrows, formerly used in warfare, with elders Kafko and Bledalo during his ethnographic research in Papua New Guinea. (Photo by D. R. Garrett) Imagine yourself living in a tiny village in central New Guinea to study the […]

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IJCS Author Jatinder Mann discusses the Research behind his Article “Anglo-Conformity”: Assimilation Policy in Canada, 1890s-1970s”

December 29, 2014

Written by guest blogger, Jatinder Mann. In the late nineteenth century Canada started to receive large waves of non-British migrants for the very first time in its history. These new settlers arrived in a country that saw itself very much as a British society. English-speaking Canadians considered themselves a core part of a worldwide British […]

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