Irving Louis Horowitz Remembered by John Taylor

by cmacmillan on July 29, 2014

Irving Louis HorowitzThe new issue of the Journal of Scholarly Publishing includes a very special tribute to Irving Louis Horowitz. Often regarded by his colleagues as a force of nature, Horowitz was constantly making advances in American scholarship while simultaneously managing institutions and an academic career. His colleague, John Taylor, remembers Irving Louis Horowitz:

“I suspect that he was often drawn to what was unknown to him in disciplines lying outside of his immediate scholarly interests in the social sciences. His letters reveal an exceptional inquisitiveness, ever inviting his correspondents to teach him something that he might not know. This curiosity was genuinely extroverted—that is, neither selfserving nor ostentatious—and it was accompanied by a sort of benevolence that was expressed generously, straightforwardly. As I reread our correspondence, I am moved once again by his inspiring cordiality; even in technical messages about manuscripts, proofs, deadlines, and marketing matters, he always added something personal and uplifting.”

To learn more about the achievements of Irving Louis Horowitz and the impact he had on his colleagues lives, read “Remembering Irving Louis Horowitz 1929-2012” from the Journal of Scholarly Publishing.

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Ian-Germani-pictureWritten by guest blogger, Dr. Ian Germani.

The First World War did much to shape the contours of the twentieth century and the world in which we now live. Many writers and historians have seen it as the seminal catastrophe of the twentieth century. Indeed, we can see its imprint upon the Middle Eastern wars which dominate today’s newspaper headlines. As the centenary of the war’s outbreak approaches, much attention is being focused, by both historians and politicians, on the lessons that might be drawn from it. There is, however, little agreement as to what those lessons might be. This is inevitable, given the controversy that continues to swirl around both the war itself and its origins. For some, the First World War is the ultimate lesson in the dangers of militarism as well as in the futility and senselessness of war itself. For others, it is a reminder that national independence and international security depend upon the readiness to fight and to sacrifice. Commemorative events around the world will oscillate between the contrary urges of deploring the wastefulness of war and recognizing – even celebrating – its accomplishments and sacrifices.

The centenary has once again focused attention upon the perennial problem of the war’s origins. This topic has been hotly contested ever since the first shots were fired. During the war, both sides argued vehemently that the other bore sole responsibility for its outbreak. Indeed, in 1914 it was the conviction of citizens of all countries that they were fighting a defensive war against unprovoked attack which was essential in mobilizing their support for the war effort. The issue of responsibility was further politicized by the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, which held Germany and its allies responsible for the war and consequently imposed much resented reparation payments upon them. The five books reviewed in ‘1914: A Very Human Catastrophe’ demonstrate that, a hundred years later, the war’s origins are as controversial as ever. Although their authors agree that all the great powers bear some share of responsibility for the war, they nonetheless apportion that responsibility very differently. For some (Max Hastings and Margaret MacMillan), the emphasis is placed upon the role of the Central Powers: on the belligerence of Kaiser Wilhelm and his military advisors; on the ‘blank cheque’ given by Germany to Austria-Hungary; and on the disastrous ultimata of Austria-Hungary to Serbia as well as of Germany to Belgium and France. For others (Christopher Clark and Sean McMeekin), attention is focused on the Entente: on Serbia’s role in destabilizing the Balkans; on Russia’s early mobilization of its army; on French determination to back Russia to the hilt; and on the prevarication of English foreign secretary Sir Edward Grey.

Ultimately, there is plenty of blame to go round. Furthermore, with all due acknowledgement for the long-term pre-conditions that prepared the way for war – nationalism, the arms race, the alliance systems, Social Darwinism – the war that happened in 1914 was not inevitable. It was the result of specific choices and decisions made by individual statesmen in Belgrade, Saint Petersburg, Vienna, Berlin, Paris and London. Pressured by military contingencies, erratic communications, uncertainty about the intentions of other powers and by public opinion, those statesmen sooner or later made the choice for war. Afterwards, they would seek to exculpate themselves, arguing that it was not humanly possible to halt the momentum toward war once events were set in motion by the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 June, 1914. Today’s historians, wary of politicians unwilling to accept responsibility for the wars they fight, are not so ready to let them off the hook. It is not hard to find fault with the individual political and military leaders who precipitated war in 1914. Collectively, they failed to master the situation with which they were presented by the July Crisis. Individually, their flaws were exposed by that crisis and revealed in the choices they made. In that sense, the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 was indeed a very human catastrophe.

On this 100th Anniversary of what came to be called the “July Crisis,” the Canadian Journal of History/Annales canadiennes d’histoire offers historian Ian Germani’s overview of five recent books on the war. Access it free today by clicking here:

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women_workers_strikeWomen in today’s society may not realize how far women’s rights and independence has progressed over the past century. Working women in the early 1900s were often expected to work low paying jobs, obey parental authority, and contribute to the family income and house-work. However, many acts of rebellion during this time hinted that social reform was beginning in Canada. Montreal in 1918 saw the traditional role of women being challenged. Many working-class girls marked adolescence with an increased sense of independence and sexual experimentation. Families reacted with alarm, outrage, and fear at the rapid societal change. As a result, hundreds of “delinquent” women were brought before Montreal’s Juvenile Delinquent Court. The role of this court was to regulated the social, moral, and sexual lives of the working class.

To learn more about Montreal’s Juvenile Delinquent Court, check out “The Voluntary Delinquent: Parents, Daughters, and the Montreal Juvenile Delinquents’ Court in 1918” from the Canadian Historical Review. #tbt

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HorowitzThe new issue of the Journal of Scholarly Publishing includes a very special tribute to Irving Louis Horowitz.

Irving Louis Horowitz was a distinguished professor of Sociology and Political Science, a prolific author, and Chairman of the Board as well as Editorial Director of Transaction Publishers. Often regarded by his colleagues as a force of nature, Horowitz was constantly making advances in American scholarship while simultaneously managing institutions and an academic career. As the head of a major social science publishing house, Transactions Publishers- the only publishing house to be headed by a major social scientist- he unleashed a flood of scholarly publications, books, and periodicals covering a vast subject interest. In his lifetime, Irving Louis Horowitz captained a host of voices, discovered fresh talent, and encouraged everyone to write truthfully. Few have achieved such an intellectual monument like Mr. Horowitz.

To learn more about the achievements of Irving Louis Horowitz and the impact he had on his colleagues lives, read “Remembering Irving Louis Horowitz 1929-2012” from the Journal of Scholarly Publishing.

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Gay rights activists in CaliforniaThe last century has been a long and hard fought battle for members of LGBTIQQ2SA communities to achieve equal human rights. In recent days, countless celebrities have recently participated in advocacy campaigns to fight for awareness for homosexual rights. Celebrities such as Daniel Radcliffe, Ellen DeGeneres, Josh Hutcherson, Anne Hathaway, and Brad Pitt among many others, have captured the world’s attention and thrust the issues surrounding LGBTIQQ2SA rights into the spotlight. This increased awareness of homosexual human rights has caused pride celebrations to grow. Modern day celebrations of pride have become a universal event for men and women of all sexual identities to. It has shifted from being a political movement to being a celebration of individual sexuality. Pride Toronto’s annual Pride Parade, is just one example of the unique and progressive LGBTIQQ2SA popular culture that is developing. To learn more about homosexuality and the developing popular culture, check out these articles from the Canadian Review of American Studies and the Journal of Religion and Popular Culture.

Coney, Christopher Le, and Zoe Trodd. “Reagan’s Rainbow Rodeos: Queer Challenges to the Cowboy Dreams of Eighties America.” Canadian Review of American Studies 39.2 (2009): 163-83.

During the 1980s, both Hollywood and the Reagan administration attempted to resurrect frontier masculinity by rewriting the Vietnam War and rehabilitating its defeated hero: the straight-shooting cowboy. But a quarter-century before Ang Lee’s Brokeback Mountain (2005) collided in the space of myth-making with America’s latest cowboy president, individuals opened a counter-hegemonic space that challenged social marginalization in the public sphere. Picking up where subversive westerns from the late 1960s had left off, the little-known artist Delmas Howe and the founders of the International Gay Rodeo Association (IGRA) resisted the imposition of a rigidly heterosexual cowboy mythology and met the Reagan-era cowboy revival on a queer frontier. Examining John Schlesinger’s Midnight Cowboy (1969), Andy Warhol’s Lonesome Cowboys (1969), Howe’s series of paintings entitled Rodeo Pantheon (1977–91), and the founding and rise of the IGRA (accompanied by interviews with IGRA participants), this article uncovers a rainbow rodeo that has challenged America’s cowboy dreams.

Herbert, T. Walter. “Homosexuality and Spiritual Aspiration in Moby-Dick.” Canadian Review of American Studies 6.1 (1975): 50-58.

There is now widespread agreement that Melville depicts homosexual affection in the passages of Moby-Dick that treat Ishmael’s developing friendship with Queequeg and in a later chapter entitled “A Squeeze of the Hand.” Among critics who have sought to deal directly with the homosexual motif there is the further agreement that psychoanalytic concepts offer the greatest promise of yielding a persuasive interpreta- tion.1 Psychoanalytic doctrine is attractive as a way of illuminating the significance of these passages because of its claim to describe powerful unconscious forces; and the critics who have followed this line typically present the homosexual materials as embodying meanings of which Melville was only partly aware. Newton Arvin and Leo Marx, for example, hold that the homosexual theme emerges from a depth of Melville’s mind where psychic opposites clash. Arvin conceives Ishmael, and Melville himself, to be plagued by an obscure inward contest between Eros and Thanatos; to him the homoerotic passages convey love’s vic- torious battle against death.2 To Marx the issues have a collective social significance; he finds in Moby-Dick the divided mentality of American culture generally, its partition into “two kingdoms of force,” a realm of mechanistic aggression opposing a pastoral world of idyllic sentiment. In treating “A Squeeze of the Hand,” however, Marx offers a Freudian inter- pretation of pastoralism itself; he sees the chapter as Melville’s “deepest penetration into the psychic sources … of sentimental pastoralism…. The basis of this feeling, it now appears, is what Freud no doubt would have called an infantile pleasure ego.”

Baldwin, Gayle R. “”What a Difference a Gay Makes”: Queering the Magic Negro.” Journal of Religion and Popular Culture 5.1 (2003): 3.

The “Magic Negro” is a term coined in the 1950s describing Hollywood’s portrayal of black men as characters who, although disabled, have supernatural powers that allow them to save lost or broken white men. Here, I compare this “gospel” with that of the Fab 5 (Queer Eye for the Straight Guy), who transform disheveled, uncultured straight men into “chick magnets.” This comparison concludes that racial and sexual minorities are acceptable in American popular television and film as long as the salvation and redemption motif of the American myth prevails and white heteronormativity remains unchallenged and privileged.

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UTP Celebrates WorldPride: Pride and the Theatre

June 30, 2014

Theatre, like many other art forms, is often a response to the world the artist lives in. For artists who are also members of the LGBTIQQ2SA community, this used to mean that the theatre they created was filled with adversity, discrimination, and even sometimes violence, reflected in plays like The Normal Heart, Another American: Asking […]

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UTP Celebrates WorldPride: Queer Identities and Experiences

June 27, 2014

The past century has witnessed a tremendous improvement in the development of homosexual rights. Prior to this time, members of the LGBTIQQ2SA community faced a large amount of discrimination and adversity, which often made it very difficult for sexual identities to be explored and formed. Today, homosexual Canadians are able to fully explore their sexuality, […]

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Canadian Journal of History remembers the July Crisis

June 27, 2014

The assassination of Austro-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo on June 28, 1914 created a political and diplomatic emergency that would ultimately precipitate the outbreak of World War I. On this 100th Anniversary of what came to be called the “July Crisis,” the Canadian Journal of History/Annales canadiennes d’histoire offers historian Ian Germani’s overview of […]

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UTP Celebrates WorldPride: Fighting for Human Rights

June 25, 2014

Same-sex rights have progressed drastically since Everett Klippertwas imprisoned for admitting he was gay in 1965. This ruling by the Supreme Court of Canada led to a demand to amend the legal rights and human rights of homosexual Canadians. On December 22, 1967 Justice Minister Pierre Trudeau proposed amendments to the Criminal Code that would […]

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Pride History

June 23, 2014

The Stonewall Riots that took place in New York City in 1969, marked the beginning of the gay liberation movement. This movement transformed the oppression of the LGBTIQQ2SA community into pride. Pride Toronto has existed since the late 1970s and have organized annual pride celebrations since 1981. Canada’s lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender rights in […]

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