michael-brown-ferguson-missouri-2014-billboard-650Tensions have remained high in Ferguson, Missouri since Officer Darren Wilson shot 18 year-old Michael BrownCBC reported on Monday that Brown’s autopsy revealed that Officer Wilson had shot the teen six times, including one fatal shot to the head. According to Officer Wilson, Brown reached for his gun during  a struggle with police. However, Dr. Michael M. Baden, the former medical examiner for N.Y.C, performed the autopsy and said there was no sign of a struggle and that Brown “could have survived all of [his gunshot wounds], except for the one to the top of the brain.” Witnesses that were at the scene reported that Brown was surrendering, with his hands held above his head, when he was shot. His death has recently heightened racial tensions between the predominantly black community and the mostly white police department. In an effort to relieve the violence in Missouri, Governor Jay Nixon called in the National Guard last week.

In volume 46 of the Canadian Journal of Criminology and Criminal Justice, author Thomas Gabor explores the controversy surrounding “racial profiling” and the debate that has ignited due to its varied connotations in “Inflammatory Rhetoric on Racial Profiling Can Undermine Police Services“. The article delves into the details of this tactic without focusing on specific instances, and discusses how its inflammatory nature can lead police departments to fall victim to an extreme and sometimes violent level of scrutiny, like what has occurred in Ferguson, Missouri.

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can.95.2_frontOn August 4, 2014 Canadians marked the 100th anniversary of the First World War. The centennial has not only given Canadians an opportunity to commemorate the anniversary and honour our fallen soldiers, but to discuss the war and the ways it has been studied, remembered, and forgotten over the past century. This conversation has brought together historians, the general public interested in the past, and the broader heritage community.

Over the past century, the Canadian Historical Review has constantly ignited scholarly discussion of the First World War. Since its first issue in 1920, numerous articles have been published directly related to the war, which reflect an impressive range of topics and methodologies as well as general trends in Canadian and international historiography. The history of the war and how historians have studied and taught it is, in no small measure, also the history of the CHR.

In honour of the 100th anniversary, the Canadian Historical Review has published a collection of scholarship on the war. All of the articles listed in this bibliography are available open access to the general public. You will find the bibliography complete with hyperlinks to each article on our website at http://dx.doi.org/10.3138/chr.95.1.97. We invite you to explore these articles and look forward to seeing how commemoration and new trends in scholarship will inspire future work in the Canadian Historical Review. Happy reading!

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map_1Twenty First Century maps depict an accurate representation of the province of New-foundland. However, it took many years of exploration and the work of many cartographers to reach this outcome. In the 17th-century, the illustrations cartographers developed reflect the his-tory of Newfoundland’s exploration and societal development.

In “The Seventeenth Century Cartography of Newfoundland”, from the 1971 edition of Cartographica, author Fabian O’Dea examines thirty-five illustra-tions of the chronological manner in which Newfoundland was shown on maps in the 17th-century.

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Irving Louis Horowitz Remembered by John Taylor

by cmacmillan on July 29, 2014

Irving Louis HorowitzThe new issue of the Journal of Scholarly Publishing includes a very special tribute to Irving Louis Horowitz. Often regarded by his colleagues as a force of nature, Horowitz was constantly making advances in American scholarship while simultaneously managing institutions and an academic career. His colleague, John Taylor, remembers Irving Louis Horowitz:

“I suspect that he was often drawn to what was unknown to him in disciplines lying outside of his immediate scholarly interests in the social sciences. His letters reveal an exceptional inquisitiveness, ever inviting his correspondents to teach him something that he might not know. This curiosity was genuinely extroverted—that is, neither selfserving nor ostentatious—and it was accompanied by a sort of benevolence that was expressed generously, straightforwardly. As I reread our correspondence, I am moved once again by his inspiring cordiality; even in technical messages about manuscripts, proofs, deadlines, and marketing matters, he always added something personal and uplifting.”

To learn more about the achievements of Irving Louis Horowitz and the impact he had on his colleagues lives, read “Remembering Irving Louis Horowitz 1929-2012” from the Journal of Scholarly Publishing.

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Ian-Germani-pictureWritten by guest blogger, Dr. Ian Germani.

The First World War did much to shape the contours of the twentieth century and the world in which we now live. Many writers and historians have seen it as the seminal catastrophe of the twentieth century. Indeed, we can see its imprint upon the Middle Eastern wars which dominate today’s newspaper headlines. As the centenary of the war’s outbreak approaches, much attention is being focused, by both historians and politicians, on the lessons that might be drawn from it. There is, however, little agreement as to what those lessons might be. This is inevitable, given the controversy that continues to swirl around both the war itself and its origins. For some, the First World War is the ultimate lesson in the dangers of militarism as well as in the futility and senselessness of war itself. For others, it is a reminder that national independence and international security depend upon the readiness to fight and to sacrifice. Commemorative events around the world will oscillate between the contrary urges of deploring the wastefulness of war and recognizing – even celebrating – its accomplishments and sacrifices.

The centenary has once again focused attention upon the perennial problem of the war’s origins. This topic has been hotly contested ever since the first shots were fired. During the war, both sides argued vehemently that the other bore sole responsibility for its outbreak. Indeed, in 1914 it was the conviction of citizens of all countries that they were fighting a defensive war against unprovoked attack which was essential in mobilizing their support for the war effort. The issue of responsibility was further politicized by the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, which held Germany and its allies responsible for the war and consequently imposed much resented reparation payments upon them. The five books reviewed in ‘1914: A Very Human Catastrophe’ demonstrate that, a hundred years later, the war’s origins are as controversial as ever. Although their authors agree that all the great powers bear some share of responsibility for the war, they nonetheless apportion that responsibility very differently. For some (Max Hastings and Margaret MacMillan), the emphasis is placed upon the role of the Central Powers: on the belligerence of Kaiser Wilhelm and his military advisors; on the ‘blank cheque’ given by Germany to Austria-Hungary; and on the disastrous ultimata of Austria-Hungary to Serbia as well as of Germany to Belgium and France. For others (Christopher Clark and Sean McMeekin), attention is focused on the Entente: on Serbia’s role in destabilizing the Balkans; on Russia’s early mobilization of its army; on French determination to back Russia to the hilt; and on the prevarication of English foreign secretary Sir Edward Grey.

Ultimately, there is plenty of blame to go round. Furthermore, with all due acknowledgement for the long-term pre-conditions that prepared the way for war – nationalism, the arms race, the alliance systems, Social Darwinism – the war that happened in 1914 was not inevitable. It was the result of specific choices and decisions made by individual statesmen in Belgrade, Saint Petersburg, Vienna, Berlin, Paris and London. Pressured by military contingencies, erratic communications, uncertainty about the intentions of other powers and by public opinion, those statesmen sooner or later made the choice for war. Afterwards, they would seek to exculpate themselves, arguing that it was not humanly possible to halt the momentum toward war once events were set in motion by the assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 June, 1914. Today’s historians, wary of politicians unwilling to accept responsibility for the wars they fight, are not so ready to let them off the hook. It is not hard to find fault with the individual political and military leaders who precipitated war in 1914. Collectively, they failed to master the situation with which they were presented by the July Crisis. Individually, their flaws were exposed by that crisis and revealed in the choices they made. In that sense, the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 was indeed a very human catastrophe.

On this 100th Anniversary of what came to be called the “July Crisis,” the Canadian Journal of History/Annales canadiennes d’histoire offers historian Ian Germani’s overview of five recent books on the war. Access it free today by clicking here: http://utpjournalsreview.com/index.php/CJOH/article/view/5014

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Throwback Thursday: Juvenile Delinquent Courts for Disobedient Women

July 17, 2014

Women in today’s society may not realize how far women’s rights and independence has progressed over the past century. Working women in the early 1900s were often expected to work low paying jobs, obey parental authority, and contribute to the family income and house-work. However, many acts of rebellion during this time hinted that social […]

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Journal of Scholarly Publishing Pays Tribute to Irving Louis Horowitz

July 11, 2014

The new issue of the Journal of Scholarly Publishing includes a very special tribute to Irving Louis Horowitz. Irving Louis Horowitz was a distinguished professor of Sociology and Political Science, a prolific author, and Chairman of the Board as well as Editorial Director of Transaction Publishers. Often regarded by his colleagues as a force of […]

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UTP Celebrates WorldPride: Pride and Popular Culture

July 3, 2014

The last century has been a long and hard fought battle for members of LGBTIQQ2SA communities to achieve equal human rights. In recent days, countless celebrities have recently participated in advocacy campaigns to fight for awareness for homosexual rights. Celebrities such as Daniel Radcliffe, Ellen DeGeneres, Josh Hutcherson, Anne Hathaway, and Brad Pitt among many […]

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UTP Celebrates WorldPride: Pride and the Theatre

June 30, 2014

Theatre, like many other art forms, is often a response to the world the artist lives in. For artists who are also members of the LGBTIQQ2SA community, this used to mean that the theatre they created was filled with adversity, discrimination, and even sometimes violence, reflected in plays like The Normal Heart, Another American: Asking […]

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UTP Celebrates WorldPride: Queer Identities and Experiences

June 27, 2014

The past century has witnessed a tremendous improvement in the development of homosexual rights. Prior to this time, members of the LGBTIQQ2SA community faced a large amount of discrimination and adversity, which often made it very difficult for sexual identities to be explored and formed. Today, homosexual Canadians are able to fully explore their sexuality, […]

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